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艾草的用途  

2013-07-17 03:02:05|  分类: 园林花草 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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艾草的用途 - 聽雪 - 健康、美食、生活网
A herb with narcotic affects, Wormwood or ‘Artemisia Absinthium’, is also known as green ginger and is said to be used as a main ingredients in the preparation of several alcoholic drinks to add taste and intoxication. Wormwood is a Mediterranean perennial herb or a shrubby plant from the Aster family. The plant is cultivated commercially in the central and northwestern United States. It is a shrubby and aromatic plant which yields grayish-green leaves and yellow flowers. The plant has an aromatic odor and an exceedingly bitter taste, which serves as one of the reasons for their use in different alcoholic beverages. Apart from adding flavor to liqueurs, wormwood also helps in relieving body from different infections and diseases. The article throws light on the benefits of consuming wormwood and its essential extracts.
 
Nutrition Benefits Of Wormwood 
  • 艾草的用途 - 聽雪 - 健康、美食、生活网
    Wormwood helps in expelling intestinal worms. It enlivens and stimulates the entire digestive process and it promotes the production of cholesterol (胆固醇) and bilirubin (胆红素). Due to the toxic effects of the essential oils of wormwood the parasitic worms (寄生虫) like the round worms, tape worms, hook worms etc. found in human body are all killed. This helps in regaining the restricted body growth especially in children due to the proper absorption of nutrients by the body.

  • Wormwood has a bitter taste which is accounted because of the presence of absinthin (苦艾素) and artabsin (苦艾素 in wormwood. This strong and bitter taste of wormwood helps in stimulating the taste buds which improves the production of saliva, thereby increasing the appetite of a person.

  • Wormwood has been traditionally used as an herb for its anthelmintic (打虫药), antiseptic (杀菌剂), antispasmodic (镇痉药), carminative (驱风剂), sedative (镇静剂), stimulant (兴奋剂), stomachic (健胃剂) and tonic properties (滋补的成分). These chemical properties of wormwood also provide it a mild anti-infective property (輕度抗感染的成分that helps in keeping the skin injuries from getting infected.

  • Wormwood also helps in countering the poisoning caused by hemlock (毒芹), mushrooms and sea dragons. It can also be used in the production of absinthe (苦艾酒) which is a green liqueur with a bitter licorice and high alcoholic content.

  • Wormwood is useful in treatments related to the ailment for liver (肝臟疾病), gall bladder (胆囊), stomach and kidney dropsy (胃和肾脏的水肿). It is also good for treating urarthritis (尿酸性关节炎, 痛风性关节炎) and for almost all the diseases caused due to the retention of water in tissues.

  • Wormwood as an essential herb can also be used to improve blood circulation. It also acts as a pain reliever for women during labor, as an agent against tumors and cancers and as a cardiac stimulant (强心剂).

  • Wormwood extract is high in thujone (侧柏酮) content. It has got a characteristic smell and an aroma similar to that of ‘Thuja’. This justifies the use of wormwood in deodorants. However, one needs to be careful and not use it in a very high degree of dilution to avoid excessive inhalation.

  • Wormwood is said to have Cholagogue property (利胆剂成分) which helps in the discharge of bile juice (胆汁) into the stomach and it stimulates other discharges too. The bile juice helps in the decomposition of the food which helps in faster and proper digestion. It also helps neutralize excess of acid content in the stomach, hence relieving a person from problems like acidity (酸性), ulcers (溃疡) caused due to prolonged acidity and acidosis (酸中毒).

  • Wormwood can also be termed as an Emmenagogue (调经剂because of it property of stimulating discharges. Wormwood helps in stimulating the menstrual discharges that clears the obstructed menstruations. This function of wormwood is very essential from the health point of view. Blocked menstruation can give rise to some critical health problems in women including uterine tumors (子宫肿瘤) and cancer (). The emmenagogue property of wormwood also helps in solving the problems like headache (头痛), abdominal cramps (腹部痛性痉挛) and ache, nausea (恶心), fatigue (疲劳), lack of appetite (食欲不振) etc. 
Culinary Uses (烹调用途)
  • Wormwood is used in brewing beer before the introduction of hops. It is used in brewing beer because of the bitter taste it provides and because it makes it more intoxicating.

  • Wormwood is also used in vermouth (用作开胃酒的苦艾酒), absente (一種酒的名字), and pastis (法国茴香酒) and in martinis to add on some bitter taste to the liquor.
艾草的用途 - 聽雪 - 健康、美食、生活网
 
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